Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2006/067

Scalar Multiplication on Koblitz Curves using Double Bases

Roberto Avanzi and Francesco Sica

Abstract: The paper is an examination of double-base decompositions of integers $n$, namely expansions loosely of the form $$ n = \sum_{i,j} A^iB^j $$ for some base $\{A,B\}$. This was examined in previous works in the case when $A,B$ lie in $\mathbb{N}$.

On the positive side, we show how to extend previous results of to Koblitz curves over binary fields. Namely, we obtain a sublinear scalar algorithm to compute, given a generic positive integer $n$ and an elliptic curve point $P$, the point $nP$ in time $O\left(\frac{\log n}{\log\log n}\right)$ elliptic curve operations with essentially no storage, thus making the method asymptotically faster than any know scalar multiplication algorithm on Koblitz curves.

On the negative side, we analyze scalar multiplication using double base numbers and show that on a generic elliptic curve over a finite field, we cannot expect a sublinear algorithm with double bases. Finally, we show that all algorithms used hitherto need at least $\frac{\log n}{\log\log n}$ curve operations.

Category / Keywords: implementation / elliptic curve cryptosystem, fast endomorphisms, number theory

Date: received 21 Feb 2006

Contact author: fsica at mta ca

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Version: 20060223:223826 (All versions of this report)

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