Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2005/255

Inoculating Multivariate Schemes Against Differential Attacks

Jintai Ding and Jason E. Gower

Abstract: We demonstrate how to prevent differential attacks on multivariate public key cryptosystems using the Plus (+) method of external perturbation. In particular, we prescribe adding as few as 10 Plus polynomials to the Perturbed Matsumoto-Imai (PMI) cryptosystem when $g=1$ and $r=6$, where $\theta$ is the Matsumoto-Imai exponent, $n$ is the message length, $g=\gcd{(\theta,n)}$, and $r$ is the internal perturbation dimension; or as few as $g+10$ when $g \neq 1$. The external perturbation does not significantly decrease the efficiency of the system, and in fact has the additional benefit of resolving the problem of finding the true plaintext among several preimages of a given ciphertext. We call this new scheme the Perturbed Matsumoto-Imai-Plus (PMI+) cryptosystem.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / multivariate, public key, cryptography, Matsumoto-Imai, perturbation, differential

Date: received 4 Aug 2005

Contact author: gowerj at math uc edu

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Version: 20050811:071308 (All versions of this report)

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