Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2015/174

A Practical Chosen Message Power Analysis Approach against Ciphers with the Key Whitening Layers

Chenyang Tu and Lingchen Zhang and Neng Gao and Zeyi Liu and Yuan Ma and Zongbin Liu

Abstract: The key whitening is a technique intended to enhance the strength of a block cipher. Although some research work is involved the DPA against the key whitening layer in the compact architecture, there are no literatures dedicated in the influence of the key whitening layers in the loop architecture from the standpoint of DPA. In this paper, we propose a practical chosen message power analysis approach against the loop architecture of ciphers with the key whitening layers, thus the key whitening technique does not enhance the security of ciphers regard to DPA. Our approach follows a reduction strategy: we recover the whitening key in the general cipher with the key whitening layer and reduce other complicated key whitening layers to the general case. In order to further manifest the validity of the new approach, we carry extensive experiments on two ISO standardized ciphers CLEFIA and Camellia implemented in loop architecture on FPGA, and the keys are recovered as expected.

Category / Keywords: DPA, key whitening, chosen message, loop architecture

Date: received 27 Feb 2015, last revised 10 Feb 2017

Contact author: tuchenyang at iie ac cn

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Version: 20170210:092120 (All versions of this report)

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