Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2013/585

On Algebraic Immunity of $\Tr(x^{-1})$ over $\mathbb{F}_{2^n}

Xiutao Feng

Abstract: The trace inverse function $\Tr(x^{-1})$ over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_{2^n}$ is a class of very important Boolean functions in stream ciphers, which possesses many good properties, including high algebraic degree, high nonlinearity, ideal autocorrelation, etc. In this work we discuss properties of $\Tr(x^{-1})$ in resistance to (fast) algebraic attacks. As a result, we prove that the algebraic immunity of $\Tr(x^{-1})$ arrives the upper bound given by Y. Nawaz et al when $n\ge4$, that is, $\AI(\Tr(x^{-1}))=\ceil{2\sqrt{n}}-2$, which shows that D.K. Dalai' conjecture on the algebraic immunity of $\Tr(x^{-1})$ is correct for almost all positive integers $n$. What is more, we further demonstrate some weak properties of $\Tr(x^{-1})$ in resistance to fast algebraic attacks.

Category / Keywords: trace inverse function, algebraic immunity, fast algebraic attacks

Date: received 11 Sep 2013, last revised 11 Sep 2013

Contact author: fengxt at amss ac cn

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Version: 20130914:030230 (All versions of this report)

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