**Elliptic Curve Cryptosystems in the Presence of Permanent and Transient Faults**

*Mathieu Ciet and Marc Joye*

**Abstract: **Elliptic curve cryptosystems in the presence of faults were studied
by Biehl, Meyer and Mueller (2000). The first fault model they
consider requires that the input point P in the
computation of dP is chosen by the adversary.
Their second and third fault models only require the knowledge of P.
But these two latter models are less `practical' in
the sense that they assume that only a few bits of error are
inserted (typically exactly one bit is supposed to be disturbed)
either into P just prior to the point multiplication or
during the course of the computation in a chosen location.

This report relaxes these assumptions and shows how random (and thus unknown) errors in either coordinates of point P, in the elliptic curve parameters or in the field representation enable the (partial) recovery of multiplier d. Then, from multiple point multiplications, we explain how this can be turned into a total key recovery. Simple precautions to prevent the leakage of secrets are also discussed.

**Category / Keywords: **implementation / Elliptic curve cryptography, fault analysis, fault attacks, physical security, information leakage.

**Date: **received 11 Feb 2003

**Contact author: **marc joye at gemplus com

**Available format(s): **Postscript (PS) | Compressed Postscript (PS.GZ) | PDF | BibTeX Citation

**Version: **20030211:170556 (All versions of this report)

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