Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2020/503

A New Encoding Algorithm for a Multidimensional Version of the Montgomery Ladder

Aaron Hutchinson and Koray Karabina

Abstract: We propose a new encoding algorithm for the simultaneous differential multidimensional scalar point multiplication algorithm $d$-MUL. Previous encoding algorithms are known to have major drawbacks in their efficient and secure implementation. Some of these drawbacks have been avoided in a recent paper in 2018 at a cost of losing the general functionality of the point multiplication algorithm. In this paper, we address these issues. Our new encoding algorithm takes the binary representations of scalars as input, and constructs a compact binary sequence and a permutation, which explicitly determines a regular sequence of group operations to be performed in $d$-MUL. Our algorithm simply slides windows of size two over the scalars and it is very efficient. As a result, while preserving the full generality of $d$-MUL, we successfully eliminate the recursive integer matrix computations in the originally proposed encoding algorithms. We also expect that our new encoding algorithm will make it easier to implement $d$-MUL in constant time. Our results can be seen as the efficient and full generalization of the one dimensional Montgomery ladder to arbitrary dimension.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / d-MUL, scalar multiplication algorithm, scalar encoding, Montgomery ladder

Original Publication (in the same form): 12th International Conference on Cryptology, AFRICACRYPT 2020

Date: received 29 Apr 2020

Contact author: a5hutchinson at uwaterloo ca,kkarabina@fau edu

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20200430:112757 (All versions of this report)

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