Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2019/543

TMPS: Ticket-Mediated Password Strengthening

John Kelsey and Dana Dachman-Soled and Sweta Mishra and Meltem Sonmez Turan

Abstract: We introduce the notion of Ticket-Mediated Password Strengthening (TMPS), a technique for allowing users to derive keys from passwords while imposing a strict limit on the number of guesses of their password any attacker can make, and strongly protecting the users' privacy. We describe the security requirements of TMPS, and then a set of efficient and practical protocols to implement a TMPS scheme, requiring only hash functions, CCA2-secure encryption, and blind signatures. We provide several variant protocols, including an offline symmetric-only protocol that uses a local trusted computing environment, and online variants that use group signatures or stronger trust assumptions instead of blind signatures. We formalize the security of our scheme by defining an ideal functionality in the Universal Composability (UC) framework, and by providing game-based definitions of security. We prove that our protocol realizes the ideal functionality in the random oracle model (ROM) under adaptive corruptions with erasures, and prove that security with respect to the ideal/real definition implies security with respect to the game-based definitions.

Category / Keywords: cryptographic protocols / password strengthening, password, cryptography

Date: received 21 May 2019

Contact author: john kelsey at nist gov, danadach at ece umd edu, meltem turan at nist gov, sweta mishra at nist gov

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20190522:085419 (All versions of this report)

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