Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2019/1088

KRNC: New Foundations for Permissionless Byzantine Consensus and Global Monetary Stability

Clinton Ehrlich and Anna Guzova

Abstract: This paper applies biomimetic engineering to the problem of permissionless Byzantine consensus and achieves results that surpass the prior state of the art by four orders of magnitude. It introduces a biologically inspired asymmetric Sybil-resistance mechanism, Proof-of-Balance, which can replace symmetric Proof-of-Work and Proof-of-Stake weighting schemes.

The biomimetic mechanism is incorporated into a permissionless blockchain protocol, Key Retroactivity Network Consensus (“KRNC”), which delivers ~40,000 times the security and speed of today’s decentralized ledgers. KRNC allows the fiat money that the public already owns to be upgraded with cryptographic inflation protection, eliminating the problems inherent in bootstrapping new currencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum.

The paper includes two independently significant contributions to the literature. First, it replaces the non-structural axioms invoked in prior work with a new formal method for reasoning about trust, liveness, and safety from first principles. Second, it demonstrates how two previously overlooked exploits — book-prize attacks and pseudo-transfer attacks — collectively undermine the security guarantees of all prior permissionless ledgers.

Category / Keywords: cryptographic protocols / electronic commerce and payment; distributed cryptography

Date: received 23 Sep 2019

Contact author: clint at krnc io

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Note: 104 pages

Version: 20190929:182812 (All versions of this report)

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