Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2015/723

Cryptanalysis of Feistel Networks with Secret Round Functions

Alex Biryukov and Gatan Leurent and Lo Perrin

Abstract: Generic distinguishers against Feistel Network with up to 5 rounds exist in the regular setting and up to 6 rounds in a multi-key setting. We present new cryptanalyses against Feistel Networks with 5, 6 and 7 rounds which are not simply distinguishers but actually recover completely the unknown Feistel functions.

When an exclusive-or is used to combine the output of the round function with the other branch, we use the so-called \textit{yoyo game} which we improved using a heuristic based on particular cycle structures. The complexity of a complete recovery is equivalent to $O(2^{2n})$ encryptions where $n$ is the branch size. This attack can be used against 6- and 7-round Feistel Networks in time respectively $O(2^{n2^{n-1}+2n})$ and $O(2^{n2^{n}+2n})$. However when modular addition is used, this attack does not work. In this case, we use an optimized guess-and-determine strategy to attack 5 rounds with complexity $O(2^{n2^{3n/4}})$.

Our results are, to the best of our knowledge, the first recovery attacks against generic 5-, 6- and 7-round Feistel Networks.

Category / Keywords: secret-key cryptography / Feistel Network, Yoyo, Generic Attack, Guess-and-determine

Original Publication (with major differences): Selected Areas in Cryptography 2015

Date: received 20 Jul 2015

Contact author: leo perrin at uni lu

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20150721:065156 (All versions of this report)

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