Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2013/691

Non-Malleability from Malleability: Simulation-Sound Quasi-Adaptive NIZK Proofs and CCA2-Secure Encryption from Homomorphic Signatures

Benoit Libert and Thomas Peters and Marc Joye and Moti Yung

Abstract: Verifiability is central to building protocols and systems with integrity. Initially, efficient methods employed the Fiat-Shamir heuristics. Since 2008, the Groth-Sahai techniques have been the most efficient in constructing non-interactive witness indistinguishable and zero-knowledge proofs for algebraic relations. For the important task of proving membership in linear subspaces, Jutla and Roy (Asiacrypt 2013) gave significantly more efficient proofs in the quasi-adaptive setting (QA-NIZK). For membership of the row space of a $t \times n$ matrix, their QA-NIZK proofs save $O(2t)$ group elements compared to Groth-Sahai. Here, we give QA-NIZK proofs made of a {\it constant} number group elements -- regardless of the number of equations or the number of variables -- and additionally prove them {\it unbounded} simulation-sound. Unlike previous unbounded simulation-sound Groth-Sahai-based proofs, our construction does not involve quadratic pairing product equations and does not rely on a chosen-ciphertext-secure encryption scheme. Instead, we build on structure-preserving signatures with homomorphic properties. We apply our methods to design new and improved CCA2-secure encryption schemes. In particular, we build the first efficient threshold CCA-secure keyed-homomorphic encryption scheme ({\it i.e.}, where homomorphic operations can only be carried out using a dedicated evaluation key) with publicly verifiable ciphertexts.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / NIZK proofs, simulation-soundness, chosen-ciphertext security, homomorphic cryptography

Date: received 24 Oct 2013

Contact author: benoit libert at technicolor com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20131028:200455 (All versions of this report)

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