Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2010/450

Round-Efficient Perfectly Secure Message Transmission Scheme Against General Adversary

Kaoru Kurosawa

Abstract: In the model of Perfectly Secure Message Transmission Schemes (PSMTs), there are $n$ channels between a sender and a receiver, and they share no key. An infinitely powerful adversary $A$ can corrupt (observe and forge) the messages sent through some subset of $n$ channels. For non-threshold adversaries called $Q^2$, Kumar et al. showed a many round PSMT \cite{KGSR}.

In this paper, we show round efficient PSMTs against $Q^2$-adevrsaries. We first give a $3$-round PSMT which runs in polynomial time in the size of the underlying linear secret sharing scheme. We next present a $2$-round PSMT which is inefficient in general. (However, it is efficient for some special case.)

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Date: received 20 Aug 2010

Contact author: kurosawa at mx ibaraki ac jp

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Version: 20100824:095249 (All versions of this report)

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