Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2017/504

A simple and compact algorithm for SIDH with arbitrary degree isogenies

Craig Costello and Huseyin Hisil

Abstract: We derive a new formula for computing arbitrary odd-degree isogenies between elliptic curves in Montgomery form. The formula lends itself to a simple and compact algorithm that can efficiently compute any low odd-degree isogenies inside the supersingular isogeny Diffie-Hellman (SIDH) key exchange protocol. Our implementation of this algorithm shows that, beyond the commonly used 3-isogenies, there is a moderate degradation in relative performance of (2d+1)-isogenies as d grows, but that larger values of d can now be used in practical SIDH implementations. We further show that the proposed algorithm can be used to compute both isogenies of curves and evaluate isogenies at points, unifying the two main types of functions needed for isogeny-based public-key cryptography. Together, these results open the door for practical SIDH on a much wider class of curves, and allow for simplified SIDH implementations that only need to call one general-purpose function inside the fundamental computation of the large degree secret isogenies. As an auxiliary contribution, we also give new explicit formulas for 3- and 4-isogenies, and show that these give immediate speedups when substituted into pre-existing SIDH libraries.

Category / Keywords: Post-quantum cryptography, isogeny-based cryptography, SIDH, Montgomery curves

Date: received 1 Jun 2017

Contact author: craigco at microsoft com

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Version: 20170602:163612 (All versions of this report)

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