Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2016/378

Using semidirect product of (semi)groups in public key cryptography

Delaram Kahrobaei and Vladimir Shpilrain

Abstract: In this survey, we describe a general key exchange protocol based on semidirect product of (semi)groups (more specifically, on extensions of (semi)groups by automorphisms), and then focus on practical instances of this general idea. This protocol can be based on any group or semigroup, in particular on any non-commutative group. One of its special cases is the standard Diffie-Hellman protocol, which is based on a cyclic group. However, when this protocol is used with a non-commutative (semi)group, it acquires several useful features that make it compare favorably to the Diffie-Hellman protocol. The focus then shifts to selecting an optimal platform (semi)group, in terms of security and efficiency. We show, in particular, that one can get a variety of new security assumptions by varying an automorphism used for a (semi)group extension.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / key exchange protocol

Date: received 14 Apr 2016

Contact author: shpilrain at yahoo com

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Version: 20160414:201133 (All versions of this report)

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