Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2016/1080

Does Coupling Affect the Security of Masked Implementations?

Thomas De Cnudde and Begül Bilgin and Benedikt Gierlichs and Ventzislav Nikov and Svetla Nikova and Vincent Rijmen

Abstract: Masking schemes achieve provable security against side-channel analysis by using secret sharing to decorrelate key-dependent intermediate values of the cryptographic algorithm and side-channel information. Masking schemes make assumptions on how the underlying leakage mechanisms of hardware or software behave to account for various physical effects. In this paper, we investigate the effect of the physical placement on the security using leakage assessment on power measurements collected from an FPGA. In order to differentiate other masking failures, we use threshold implementations as masking scheme in conjunction with a high-entropy pseudorandom number generator. We show that we can observe differences in---possibly---exploitable leakage by placing functions corresponding to different shares of a cryptographic implementation in close proximity.

Category / Keywords: Masking, Threshold Implementations, Crosstalk, Non-independent leakage, Leakage detection, TVLA

Date: received 18 Nov 2016, last revised 18 Nov 2016

Contact author: thomas decnudde at esat kuleuven be

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Version: 20161121:115853 (All versions of this report)

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