Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2015/546

Actively Secure OT Extension with Optimal Overhead

Marcel Keller and Emmanuela Orsini and Peter Scholl

Abstract: We describe an actively secure OT extension protocol in the random oracle model with efficiency very close to the passively secure IKNP protocol of Ishai et al. (Crypto 2003). For computational security parameter $\kappa$, our protocol requires $\kappa$ base OTs, and is the first practical, actively secure protocol to match the cost of the passive IKNP extension in this regard. The added communication cost is only additive in $O(\kappa)$, independent of the number of OTs being created, while the computation cost is essentially two finite field operations per extended OT. We present implementation results that show our protocol takes no more than 5% more time than the passively secure IKNP extension, in both LAN and WAN environments, and so is essentially optimal with respect to the passive protocol.

Category / Keywords: cryptographic protocols / oblivious transfer extensions

Original Publication (in the same form): IACR-CRYPTO-2015

Date: received 4 Jun 2015

Contact author: peter scholl at bristol ac uk; m keller@bristol ac uk; emmanuela orsini@bristol ac uk

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Version: 20150608:212816 (All versions of this report)

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