Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2015/1053

Oblivious Parallel RAM: Improved Efficiency and Generic Constructions

Binyi Chen; Huijia Lin; Stefano Tessaro

Abstract: Oblivious RAM (ORAM) garbles read/write operations by a client (to access a remote storage server or a random-access memory) so that an adversary observing the garbled access sequence cannot infer any information about the original operations, other than their overall number. This paper considers the natural setting of Oblivious Parallel RAM (OPRAM) recently introduced by Boyle, Chung, and Pass (TCC 2016A), where $m$ clients simultaneously access in parallel the storage server. The clients are additionally connected via point-to-point links to coordinate their accesses. However, this additional inter-client communication must also remain oblivious.

The main contribution of this paper is twofold: We construct the first OPRAM scheme that (nearly) matches the storage and server-client communication complexities of the most efficient single-client ORAM schemes. Our scheme is based on an extension of Path-ORAM by Stefanov et al (CCS 2013). Moreover, we present a generic transformation turning any (single-client) ORAM scheme into an OPRAM scheme.

Category / Keywords: Cryptographic Protocols, Oblivious RAM

Original Publication (in the same form): IACR-TCC-2016

Date: received 30 Oct 2015

Contact author: tessaro at cs ucsb edu, rachel lin@cs ucsb edu, binyichen@umail ucsb edu

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Version: 20151030:193229 (All versions of this report)

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