Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2015/054

Non-committing encryption from $\Phi$-hiding

Brett Hemenway and Rafail Ostrovsky and Alon Rosen

Abstract: A multiparty computation protocol is said to be adaptively secure if it retains its security even in the presence of an adversary who can corrupt participants as the protocol proceeds. This is in contrast to the static corruption model where the adversary is forced to choose which participants to corrupt before the protocol begins.

A central tool for constructing adaptively secure protocols is non-committing encryption (Canetti, Feige, Goldreich and Naor, STOC '96). The original protocol of Canetti et al. had ciphertext expansion that was quadratic in the security parameter, and prior to this work, the best known constructions had ciphertext expansion that was linear in the security parameter.

In this work, we present the first non-committing encryption scheme that achieves ciphertext expansion that is logarithmic in the message length. Our construction has optimal round complexity (2-rounds), where (just as in all previous constructions) the first message consists of a public-key of size $\tilde{\bigoh}(n \secpar)$ where $n$ is the message length and $\secpar$ is the security parameter. The second message consists of a ciphertext of size $\bigoh( n \log n + \secpar )$. The security of our scheme is proved based on the $\Phi$-hiding problem.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / non committing encryption, public key cryptography, phi-hiding

Original Publication (in the same form): IACR-TCC-2015

Date: received 22 Jan 2015

Contact author: fbrett at cis upenn edu

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20150123:141604 (All versions of this report)

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