Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2014/645

Graded Multilinear Maps from Lattices

Craig Gentry and Sergey Gorbunov and Shai Halevi

Abstract: Graded multilinear encodings have found extensive applications in cryptography ranging from non-interactive key exchange protocols, to broadcast and attribute-based encryption, and even to software obfuscation. Despite seemingly unlimited applicability, essentially only two candidate constructions are known (GGH and CLT). In this work, we describe a new graded multilinear encoding scheme from lattices. Our construction encodes Learning With Errors (LWE) samples in short square matrices of higher dimensions. Addition and multiplication of the encodings corresponds naturally to addition and multiplication of the LWE secrets. Comparisons of any two encodings can be performed publicly at any level. The security of our scheme relies on a hardness of a natural problem which can be thought of as analogous to standard LWE problem.

Category / Keywords: Lattices, LWE, Multilinear Maps

Date: received 20 Aug 2014, last revised 20 Aug 2014

Contact author: sergeyg at mit edu

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Version: 20140827:072915 (All versions of this report)

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