Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2014/601

Adaptive versus Static Security in the UC Model

Ivan Damgård and Jesper Buus Nielsen

Abstract: We show that for certain class of unconditionally secure protocols and target functionalities, static security implies adaptive security in the UC model. Similar results were previously only known for models with weaker security and/or composition guarantees. The result is, for instance, applicable to a wide range of protocols based on secret sharing. It ``explains'' why an often used proof technique for such protocols works, namely where the simulator runs in its head a copy of the honest players using dummy inputs and generates a protocol execution by letting the dummy players interact with the adversary. When a new player $P_i$ is corrupted, the simulator adjusts the state of its dummy copy of $P_i$ to be consistent with the real inputs and outputs of $P_i$ and gives the state to the adversary. Our result gives a characterisation of the cases where this idea will work to prove adaptive security. As a special case, we use our framework to give the first proof of adaptive security of the seminal BGW protocol in the UC framework.

Category / Keywords: foundations / universally composable security, adaptive security

Date: received 5 Aug 2014

Contact author: jbn at cs au dk

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Version: 20140811:044924 (All versions of this report)

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