Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2014/551

Diffusion Matrices from Algebraic-Geometry Codes with Efficient SIMD Implementation

Daniel Augot and Pierre-Alain Fouque and Pierre Karpman

Abstract: This paper investigates large linear mappings with very good diffusion and efficient software implementations, that can be used as part of a block cipher design. The mappings are derived from linear codes over a small field (typically $F^{2^4}$) with a high dimension (typically 16) and a high minimum distance. This results in diffusion matrices with equally high dimension and a large branch number. Because we aim for parameters for which no MDS code is known to exist, we propose to use more flexible algebraic-geometry codes.

We present two simple yet efficient algorithms for the software implementation of matrix-vector multiplication in this context, and derive conditions on the generator matrices of the codes to yield efficient encoders. We then specify an appropriate code and use its automorphisms as well as random sampling to find good such matrices.

We provide concrete examples of parameters and implementations, and the corresponding assembly code. We also give performance figures in an example of application which show the interest of our approach.

Category / Keywords: Diffusion matrix, algebraic-geometry codes, algebraic curves, SIMD, vector implementation, SHARK

Original Publication (with major differences): Selected Areas in Cryptography 2014

Date: received 15 Jul 2014, last revised 24 Jul 2014

Contact author: pierre karpman at gmail com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20140724:140457 (All versions of this report)

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