**(Leveled) Fully Homomorphic Signatures from Lattices**

*Sergey Gorbunov and Vinod Vaikuntanathan*

**Abstract: **In a homomorphic signature scheme, given a vector of signatures $\vec{\sigma}$ corresponding to a dataset of messages $\vec{\mu}$, there is a {\it public} algorithm that allows to derive a signature $\sigma'$ for message $\mu'=f(\vec{\mu})$ for any function $f$.
Given the tuple $(\sigma', \mu', f)$ anyone can {\it publicly}
verify the result of the computation of function $f$.
Along with the standard notion of unforgeability
for signatures, the security of homomorphic signatures guarantees that no adversary is able to make a forgery $\sigma^*$ for $\mu^* \neq f(\vec{\mu})$.

We construct the first homomorphic signature scheme for evaluating arbitrary functions. In our scheme, the public parameters and the size of the resulting signature grows polynomially with the depth of the circuit representation of $f$. Our scheme is secure in the standard model assuming hardness of finding {\it Small Integer Solutions} in hard lattices. Furthermore, our construction has asymptotically fast verification which immediately leads to a new solution for verifiable outsourcing with pre-processing phase. Previous state of the art constructions were limited to evaluating polynomials of constant degree, secure in random oracle model without asymptotically fast verification.

**Category / Keywords: **homomorphic signatures, lattices, SIS, homomorphic trapdoor functions

**Date: **received 16 Jun 2014, last revised 6 Jul 2014

**Contact author: **sergeyg at mit edu

**Available format(s): **PDF | BibTeX Citation

**Version: **20140706:175919 (All versions of this report)

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