Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2014/336

Private Predictive Analysis on Encrypted Medical Data

Joppe W. Bos and Kristin Lauter and Michael Naehrig

Abstract: Increasingly, confidential medical records are being stored in data centers hosted by hospitals or large companies. As sophisticated algorithms for predictive analysis on medical data continue to be developed, it is likely that, in the future, more and more computation will be done on private patient data. While encryption provides a tool for assuring the privacy of medical information, it limits the functionality for operating on such data. Conventional encryption methods used today provide only very restricted possibilities or none at all to operate on encrypted data without decrypting it first. Homomorphic encryption provides a tool for handling such computations on encrypted data, without decrypting the data, and without even needing the decryption key.

In this paper, we discuss possible application scenarios for homomorphic encryption in order to ensure privacy of sensitive medical data. We describe how to privately conduct predictive analysis tasks on encrypted data using homomorphic encryption. As a proof of concept, we present a working implementation of a prediction service running in the cloud (hosted on Microsoft's Windows Azure), which takes as input private encrypted health data, and returns the probability of suffering cardiovascular disease in encrypted form. Since the cloud service uses homomorphic encryption, it makes this prediction while handling only encrypted data, learning nothing about the submitted confidential medical data.

Category / Keywords: applications / homomorphic encryption

Original Publication (in the same form): Journal of Biomedical Informatics
DOI:
10.1016/j.jbi.2014.04.003

Date: received 13 May 2014

Contact author: klauter at microsoft com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20140515:063021 (All versions of this report)

Discussion forum: Show discussion | Start new discussion


[ Cryptology ePrint archive ]