Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2013/613

Recomputing with Permuted Operands: A Concurrent Error Detection Approach

Xiaofei Guo and Ramesh Karri

Abstract: Naturally occurring and maliciously injected faults reduce the reliability of cryptographic hardware and may leak confidential information. We develop a concurrent error detection (CED) technique called Recomputing with Permuted Operands (REPO). We show that it is cost effective in Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) and a secure hash function GrÝstl. We provide experimental results and formal proofs to show that REPO detects all single-bit and single-byte faults. Experimental results show that REPO achieves close to 100% fault coverage for multiple byte faults. The hardware and throughput overheads are compared with those of previously reported CED techinques on two Xilinx Virtex FPGAs. The hardware overhead is 12.4-27.3%, and the throughput is 1.2-23Gbps, depending on the AES architecture, FPGA family, and detection latency. The performance overhead ranges from 10% to 100% depending on the security level. Moreover, the proposed technique can be integrated into various block cipher modes of operation. We also discuss the limitation of REPO and its potential vulnerabilities.

Category / Keywords: implementation / Concurrent error detection, Differential fault analysis, Fault attack

Original Publication (in the same form): IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design, vol.32, no.10, pp.1595--1608, Oct. 2013

Date: received 23 Sep 2013, last revised 28 Jan 2014

Contact author: xg243 at nyu edu

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20140128:150201 (All versions of this report)

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