## Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2013/232

**Quantum algorithms to check Resiliency, Symmetry and Linearity of a Boolean function**

*Kaushik Chakraborty and Anupam Chattopadhyay and Subhamoy Maitra*

**Abstract: **In this paper, we present related quantum algorithms to check the order of resiliency, symmetry and linearity of a Boolean function that is available as a black-box (oracle). First we consider resiliency and show that the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm can be immediately used for this purpose. We also point out how the quadratic improvement in query complexity can be obtained
over the Deutsch-Jozsa algorithm for this purpose using the Grover's technique. While the worst case quantum query complexity to check the resiliency order is exponential in the number of input variables of the Boolean function, we require polynomially many measurements only. We also describe a subset of $n$-variable Boolean functions for which the algorithm works in polynomially many steps, i.e., we can achieve an exponential speed-up over best known classical algorithms. A similar kind of approach can be exploited to check whether a Boolean function is symmetric (respectively linear) or not. Given a
Boolean function as an oracle, it is important to devise certain algorithms to test whether it has a specific property or it is $\epsilon$-far from having that property. The efficiency of the algorithm is judged by the number of calls to the oracle so that one can decide, with high probability, between these two alternatives. We show that this can be achieved in $O(\epsilon^{-\frac{1}{2}})$ query complexity. This is obtained by showing that the problem of checking symmetry or linearity can be efficiently reduced to testing whether a Boolean function is constant.

**Category / Keywords: **Boolean Functions, Deutsch-Jozsa Algorithm, Grover's Algorithm, Linearity, Measurement, Property Testing, Resiliency, Symmetry

**Publication Info: **WCC 2013, Bergen, Norway

**Date: **received 22 Apr 2013, last revised 14 Mar 2014

**Contact author: **subho at isical ac in

**Available format(s): **PDF | BibTeX Citation

**Note: **Revised the title and added further materials.

**Version: **20140314:174730 (All versions of this report)

**Discussion forum: **Show discussion | Start new discussion

[ Cryptology ePrint archive ]