Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2012/620

Solving Subset Sum Problems of Densioty close to 1 by "randomized" BKZ-reduction

Claus P. Schnorr and Taras Shevchenko

Abstract: Subset sum or Knapsack problems of dimension $n$ are known to be hardest for knapsacks of density close to 1.These problems are NP-hard for arbitrary $n$. One can solve such problems either by lattice basis reduction or by optimized birthday algorithms. Recently Becker, Coron, Jou } [BCJ10] present a birthday algorithm that follows Schroeppel, Shamir [SS81], and Howgrave-Graham, Joux [HJ10]. This algorithm solves 50 random knapsacks of dimension 80 and density close to 1 in roughly 15 hours on a 2.67 GHz PC. We present an optimized lattice basis reduction algorithm that follows Schnorr, Euchne} [SE03] using pruning of Schnorr, H\"orner [SH95] that solves such random knapsacks of dimension 80 on average in less than a minute, and 50 such problems all together about 9.4 times faster and using much less space than [BCJ10] on another 2.67 GHz PC.

Category / Keywords: foundations / BKZ, block reduction of lattice bases, subset sum problem

Date: received 2 Nov 2012

Contact author: scjhnorr at cs uni-frankfurt de

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Version: 20121105:134035 (All versions of this report)

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