Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2012/311

Tightly Secure Signatures and Public-Key Encryption

Dennis Hofheinz and Tibor Jager

Abstract: We construct the first public-key encryption scheme whose chosen-ciphertext (i.e., IND-CCA) security can be proved under a standard assumption and does not degrade in either the number of users or the number of ciphertexts. In particular, our scheme can be safely deployed in unknown settings in which no a-priori bound on the number of encryptions and/or users is known.

As a central technical building block, we devise the first structure-preserving signature scheme with a tight security reduction. (This signature scheme may be of independent interest.) Combining this scheme with Groth-Sahai proofs yields a tightly simulation-sound non-interactive zero-knowledge proof system for group equations. If we use this proof system in the Naor-Yung double encryption scheme, we obtain a tightly IND-CCA secure public-key encryption scheme from the Decision Linear assumption.

We point out that our techniques are not specific to public-key encryption security. Rather, we view our signature scheme and proof system as general building blocks that can help to achieve a tight security reduction.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / Tight security proofs, structure-preserving signatures, public-key encryption, Groth-Sahai proofs

Publication Info: Crypto 2012

Date: received 1 Jun 2012, last revised 15 Apr 2013

Contact author: tibor jager at rub de

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Note: Remark added to Lemma 4.

Version: 20130415:150417 (All versions of this report)

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