Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2012/273

Public-Key Cryptography from New Multivariate Quadratic Assumptions

Yun-Ju Huang and Feng-Hao Liu and Bo-Yin Yang

Abstract: In this work, we study a new multivariate quadratic (MQ) assumption that can be used to construct public-key encryption schemes. In particular, we research in the following two directions: We establish a precise \emph{asymptotic} formulation of a family of hard MQ problems, and provide empirical evidence to confirm the hardness. %Since there are many practical solvers studied and implemented during the studies of algebraic attacks, we use We construct public-key encryption schemes, and prove their security under the hardness assumption of this family. Also, we provide a new \emph{perspective} to look at MQ systems that plays a key role to our design and proof of security. As a consequence, we construct the \emph{first} public-key encryption scheme that is \emph{provably secure} under the MQ assumption. Moreover, our public-key encryption scheme is efficient in the sense that it only needs a ciphertext length $L + \poly(k)$ to encrypt a message $M\in \{0, 1 \}^{L}$ for any un-prespecified polynomial $L$, where $k$ is the security parameter. This is essentially \emph{optimal} since an additive overhead is the best we can hope for.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / public key encryption, multivariate quadratic equations

Publication Info: full version of the paper published at PKC 2012

Date: received 15 May 2012

Contact author: fenghao at cs brown edu

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Version: 20120529:195320 (All versions of this report)

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