Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2012/146

On Polynomial Systems Arising from a Weil Descent

Christophe Petit and Jean-Jacques Quisquater

Abstract: In the last two decades, many computational problems arising in cryptography have been successfully reduced to various systems of polynomial equations. In this paper, we revisit a class of polynomial systems introduced by Faug\`ere, Perret, Petit and Renault. % Seeing these systems as natural generalizations of HFE systems, we provide experimental and theoretical evidence that their degrees of regularity are only slightly larger than the original degre of the equations, resulting in a very low complexity compared to generic systems. % We then revisit the applications of these systems to the elliptic curve discrete logarithm problem (ECDLP) for binary curves, to the factorization problem in $SL(2,\mathbf{F}_{2^n})$ and to other discrete logarithm problems. As a main consequence, we provide a heuristic analysis showing that Diem's variant of index calculus for ECDLP requires a \emph{subexponential} number of bit operations $O(2^{c\,n^{2/3}\log n})$ over the binary field $\mathbf{F}_{2^n}$, where $c$ is a constant smaller than $2$. % According to our estimations, generic discrete logarithm methods are outperformed for any $n>N$ where $N\approx2000$, but elliptic curves of currently recommended key sizes ($n\approx160$) are not immediately threatened. % The analysis can be easily generalized to other extension fields.

Category / Keywords: Elliptic Curve Cryptography, DLP, Polynomial System Solving

Date: received 19 Mar 2012, last revised 20 May 2012

Contact author: christophe petit at uclouvain be, jjq@uclouvain be

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Version: 20120520:135154 (All versions of this report)

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