Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2011/090

Generic Methods to Achieve Tighter Security Reductions for a Category of IBE Schemes

Yu Chen and Liqun Chen and Zhong Chen

Abstract: We show that Katz-Wang’s duplicating key and ciphertext technique can be extended to a generic method that can be used in a certain category of Identity-Based Encryption (IBE) schemes for the purposes of improving their security reductions. We further develop two refined approaches by adapting the randomness reuse technique in the Katz-Wang technique: one is public key duplication, and the other is master key duplication. Compared to the Katz-Wang technique, our two refined approaches do not only improve the performances of the resulting IBE schemes but also enable a reduction algorithm to deal with decryption queries correctly and therefore can achieve chosen ciphertext security. As case studies, we apply these two approaches to modify the Boneh- Franklin IBE scheme and the Boneh-Boyen IBE scheme, respectively. Both of the modifications improve the tightness of security reductions, compared to the original schemes, with a reasonably low cost.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / identity based encryption, provable security, tight reduction, generic method

Publication Info: This is the full version of a paper accepted for publication at ISPEC 2011

Date: received 22 Feb 2011, last revised 28 Feb 2011

Contact author: cycosmic at gmail com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Note: This is the full version of the paper for ISPEC 2011 due to the page limit. The differences are in Section 5, Section 7, and Section 8, where related security proofs and comparisons are provided.

Version: 20110301:015627 (All versions of this report)

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