Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2010/512

Multi-Party Privacy-Preserving Set Intersection with Quasi-Linear Complexity

Jung Hee Cheon and Stanislaw Jarecki and Jae Hong Seo

Abstract: Secure computation of the set intersection functionality allows $n$ parties to find the intersection between their datasets without revealing anything else about them. An efficient protocol for such task could have multiple potential applications, in commerce, health-care, and security. However, all currently known secure set intersection protocols for $n>2$ parties have computational costs that are quadratic in the (maximum) number of entries in the dataset contributed by each party, rendering secure computation of set intersection impractical on anything but small datasets.

In this paper we describe the first multi-party protocol for securely computing the set intersection functionality with both the communication and the computation costs that are quasi-linear in the size of the datasets. Specifically, our protocols require $O(n^2k\lambda)$ bits of communication and $\tilde{O}(n^2\lambda+(n\lambda+n^2)k)$ group multiplications per player in the malicious adversary setting, where $k$ is the size of each dataset and $\lambda$ is security parameter. Our protocol follows the basic idea of the protocol proposed by Kissner and Song, but we gain efficiency by using different representation of the polynomials associated with users' datasets, and careful employment of algorithms that interpolate or evaluate polynomials on multiple points more efficiently.

Category / Keywords: Privacy-preserving set operation, privacy-preserving set intersection

Date: received 6 Oct 2010, last revised 6 Oct 2010

Contact author: jhsbhs at gmail com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Version: 20101007:140646 (All versions of this report)

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