Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2010/443

Balanced Boolean Functions with (Almost) Optimal Algebraic Immunity and Very High Nonlinearity

Xiaohu Tang and Deng Tang and Xiangyong Zeng and Lei Hu

Abstract: In this paper, we present a class of $2k$-variable balanced Boolean functions and a class of $2k$-variable $1$-resilient Boolean functions for an integer $k\ge 2$, which both have the maximal algebraic degree and very high nonlinearity. Based on a newly proposed conjecture by Tu and Deng, it is shown that the proposed balanced Boolean functions have optimal algebraic immunity and the $1$-resilient Boolean functions have almost optimal algebraic immunity. Among all the known results of balanced Boolean functions and $1$-resilient Boolean functions, our new functions possess the highest nonlinearity. Based on the fact that the conjecture has been verified for all $k\le 29$ by computer, at least we have constructed a class of balanced Boolean functions and a class of $1$-resilient Boolean functions with the even number of variables $\le 58$, which are cryptographically optimal or almost optimal in terms of balancedness, algebraic degree, nonlinearity, and algebraic immunity.

Category / Keywords: secret-key cryptography / boolean functions

Date: received 15 Aug 2010

Contact author: xhutang at vip sina com

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Version: 20100818:210547 (All versions of this report)

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