Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2010/199

A Framework for Fully-Simulatable $t$-out-of-$n$ Oblivious Transfer

Bing Zeng and Christophe Tartary and Chingfang Hsu and Xueming Tang

Abstract: Oblivious transfer is a fundamental building block for multiparty computation protocols. In this paper, we present a generally realizable framework for fully-simulatable $t$-out-of-$n$ oblivious transfer ($\mbox{OT}^{n}_{t}$) with security against non-adaptive malicious adversaries in the plain mode. Our construction relies on a single cryptographic primitive which is a variant of smooth projective hashing (SPH). A direct consequence of our work is that the existence of protocols for $\mbox{OT}^{n}_{t}$ is reduced to the existence of this SPH variant. Before this paper, the only known reductions provided half-simulatable security and every known efficient protocol involved at least two distinct cryptographic primitives. We show how to instantiate this new SPH variant under not only the decisional Diffie-Hellman assumption, the decisional $N$-th residuosity assumption and the decisional quadratic residuosity assumption as currently existing SPH constructions, but also the learning with errors problem. Our framework only needs $4$ communication rounds, which implies that it is more round-efficient than known protocols holding identical features.

Category / Keywords: cryptographic protocols / oblivious transfer,public-key cryptography, quantum cryptography,lattice techniques

Date: received 9 Apr 2010, last revised 13 Jan 2015

Contact author: zeng bing zb at gmail com

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Note: Submitted for Publication.

Version: 20150113:143246 (All versions of this report)

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