Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2009/399

Leakage-Resilient Storage

Francesco Davý and Stefan Dziembowski and Daniele Venturi

Abstract: We study a problem of secure data storage on hardware that may leak information. We introduce a new primitive, that we call {\em leakage-resilient storage} (LRS), which is an (unkeyed) scheme for encoding messages, and can be viewed as a generalization of the {\em All-Or-Nothing Transform} (AONT, Rivest 1997). The standard definition of AONT requires that it should be hard to reconstruct a message $m$ if not all the bits of its encoding $\Encode(m)$ are known. LRS is defined more generally, with respect to a class $\Gamma$ of functions. The security definition of LRS requires that it should be hard to reconstruct $m$ even if some values $g_1(\Encode(m)),\ldots,$ $g_t(\Encode(m))$ are known (where $g_1,\ldots,g_t \in \Gamma$), as long as the total length of $g_1(\Encode(m)),\ldots,g_t(\Encode(m))$ is smaller than some parameter $c$.

We construct an LRS scheme that is secure with respect to $\Gamma$ being a set of functions that can depend only on some restricted part of the memory. More precisely: we assume that the memory is divided in $2$ parts, and the functions in $\Gamma$ can be just applied to one of these parts. We also construct a scheme that is secure if the cardinality of $\Gamma$ is restricted (but still it can be exponential in the length of the encoding). This construction implies security in the case when the set $\Gamma$ consists of functions that are computable by Boolean circuits of a small size.

We also discuss the connection between the problem of constructing leakage-resilient storage and a theory of the compressibility of NP-instances.

Category / Keywords: foundations /

Date: received 13 Aug 2009, last revised 13 Apr 2010

Contact author: stefan at dziembowski net

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Version: 20100413:095323 (All versions of this report)

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