Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2009/287

Generic Attacks on Alternating Unbalanced Feistel Schemes

Valerie Nachef

Abstract: \begin{abstract} Generic attacks against classical (balanced) Feistel schemes, unbalanced Feistel schemes with contracting functions and unbalanced Feistel schemes with expanding functions have been studied in \cite {P01}, \cite{Jut}, \cite{PNB06}, \cite{PNB07}. In this paper we study schemes where we use alternatively contracting random functions and expanding random functions. We name these schemes ``Alternating Unbalanced Feistel Schemes''. They allow constructing pseudo-random permutations from $kn$ bits to $kn$ bits where $k \geq 3$. At each round, we use either a random function from $n$ bits to $(k-1)n$ bits or a random function from $(k-1)n$ bits to $n$ bits. We describe the best generic attacks we have found. We present``known plaintext attacks'' (KPA) and ``non-adaptive chosen plaintext attacks'' (CPA-1). Let $d$ be the number of rounds. We show that if $d \leq k$, there are CPA-1 with 2 messages and KPA with $m$ the number of messages about $2^{\frac {(d-1)n}{4}}$. For $d \geq k+1$ we have to distinguish $k$ even and $k$ odd. For $k$ even, we have $m=2$ in CPA-1 and $m \simeq 2^{\frac {kn}{4}}$ in KPA. When $k$ is odd, we show that there exist CPA-1 for $d \leq 2k-1$ and KPA for $d \leq 2k+3$ with less than $2^{kn}$ messages and computations. Beyond these values, we give KPA against generators of permutations.

\end{abstract}

Category / Keywords: secret-key cryptography / unbalanced Feistel permutations, pseudorandom permutations, generic attacks

Date: received 16 Jun 2009

Contact author: valerie nachef at u-cergy fr

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Version: 20090616:201818 (All versions of this report)

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