## Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2009/094

On the Lower Bounds of the Second Order Nonlinearity of some Boolean Functions

Sugata Gangopadhyay, Sumanta Sarkar, Ruchi Telang

Abstract: The $r$-th order nonlinearity of a Boolean function is an important cryptographic criterion in analyzing the security of stream as well as block ciphers. It is also important in coding theory as it is related to the covering radius of the Reed-Muller code $\mathcal{R}(r, n)$. In this paper we deduce the lower bounds of the second order nonlinearity of the two classes of Boolean functions of the form \begin{enumerate} \item $f_{\lambda}(x) = Tr_1^n(\lambda x^{d})$ with $d=2^{2r}+2^{r}+1$ and $\lambda \in \mathbb{F}_{2^{n}}$ where $n = 6r$. \item $f(x,y)=Tr_1^t(xy^{2^{i}+1})$ where $x,y \in \mathbb{F}_{2^{t}}, n = 2t, n \ge 6$ and $i$ is an integer such that $1\le i < t$, $\gcd(2^t-1, 2^i+1) = 1$. \end{enumerate} For some $\lambda$, the first class gives bent functions whereas Boolean functions of the second class are all bent, i.e., they achieve optimum first order nonlinearity.

Category / Keywords: secret-key cryptography / Boolean functions, second order nonlinearity

Date: received 24 Feb 2009, last revised 17 Mar 2009

Contact author: gsugata at gmail com

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