Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2008/384

Improving the Boneh-Franklin Traitor Tracing Scheme

Pascal Junod and Alexandre Karlov and Arjen K. Lenstra

Abstract: Traitor tracing schemes are cryptographically secure broadcast methods that allow identification of conspirators: if a pirate key is generated by $k$ traitors out of a static set of $\ell$ legitimate users, then all traitors can be identified given the pirate key. In this paper we address three practicality and security issues of the Boneh-Franklin traitor-tracing scheme. In the first place, without changing the original scheme, we modify its tracing procedure in the non-black-box model such that it allows identification of $k$ traitors in time $\tilde{O}(k^2)$, as opposed to the original tracing complexity $\tilde{O}(\ell)$. This new tracing procedure works independently of the nature of the Reed-Solomon code used to watermark private keys. As a consequence, in applications with billions of users it takes just a few minutes on a common desktop computer to identify large collusions. Secondly, we exhibit the lack of practical value of list-decoding algorithms to identify more than $k$ traitors. Finally, we show that $2k$ traitors can derive the keys of all legitimate users and we propose a fix to this security issue.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / Traitor tracing

Date: received 11 Sep 2008

Contact author: pascal at junod info

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Version: 20080914:160308 (All versions of this report)

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