Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2008/079

Homomorphic Encryption with CCA Security

Manoj Prabhakaran and Mike Rosulek

Abstract: We address the problem of constructing public-key encryption schemes that meaningfully combine useful {\em computability features} with {\em non-malleability}. In particular, we investigate schemes in which anyone can change an encryption of an unknown message $m$ into an encryption of $T(m)$ (as a {\em feature}), for a specific set of allowed functions $T$, but the scheme is ``non-malleable'' with respect to all other operations. We formulate precise definitions that capture these intuitive requirements and also show relationships among our new definitions and other more standard ones (IND-CCA, gCCA, and RCCA). We further justify our definitions by showing their equivalence to a natural formulation of security in the Universally Composable framework. We also consider extending the definitions to features which combine {\em multiple} ciphertexts, and show that a natural definition is unattainable for a useful class of features. Finally, we describe a new family of encryption schemes that satisfy our definitions for a wide variety of allowed transformations $T$, and which are secure under the standard Decisional Diffie-Hellman (DDH) assumption.

Category / Keywords: public-key cryptography / homomorphic encryption

Publication Info: Full version of an extended abstract presented at ICALP 2008

Date: received 20 Feb 2008, last revised 24 May 2008

Contact author: rosulek at uiuc edu

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Note: Changes in May 24 version: Simplified description of our construction's parameters and its allowed transformations.

Changes in May 1 version: More details added to proof of Theorem 3.

Version: 20080524:164528 (All versions of this report)

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