Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2008/019

Computing Pairings Using x-Coordinates Only

Steven D. Galbraith and Xibin Lin

Abstract: To reduce bandwidth in elliptic curve cryptography one can transmit only $x$-coordinates of points (or $x$-coordinates together with an extra bit). For further computation using the points one can either recover the $y$-coordinates by taking square roots or one can use point multiplication formulae which use $x$-coordinates only.

We consider how to efficiently use point compression in pairing-based cryptography. We give a method to compute compressed Weil pairings using $x$-coordinates only. We also show how to compute the compressed Tate and ate pairings using only one $y$-coordinate. Our methods are more efficient than taking square roots when the embedding degree is small. We implemented the algorithms in the case of embedding degree 2 curves over $\F_p$ where $p \equiv 3 \pmod{4}$ and found that our methods are $10-15\%$ faster than the analogous methods using square roots.

Category / Keywords: elliptic curves, pairings, point compression.

Date: received 14 Jan 2008, last revised 21 Jan 2008

Contact author: linxibin at mail2 sysu edu cn

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Version: 20080122:040127 (All versions of this report)

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