## Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2007/359

**Intrusion-Resilient Secret Sharing**

*Stefan Dziembowski and Krzysztof Pietrzak*

**Abstract: **We introduce a new primitive called Intrusion-Resilient Secret Sharing
(IRSS), whose security proof exploits the fact that there exist
functions which can be efficiently computed interactively using low
communication complexity in k, but not in k - 1 rounds.

IRSS is a means of sharing a secret message amongst a set of players
which comes with a very strong security guarantee. The shares in an
IRSS are made artificially large so that it is hard to retrieve them
completely, and the reconstruction procedure is interactive requiring
the players to exchange k short messages. The adversaries considered
can attack the scheme in rounds, where in each round the adversary
chooses some player to corrupt and some function, and retrieves the
output of that function applied to the share of the corrupted
player. This model captures for example computers connected to a
network which can occasionally be infected by malicious software like
viruses, which can compute any function on the infected machine, but
cannot sent out a huge amount of data.

Using methods from the Bounded-Retrieval Model, we construct an IRSS
scheme which is secure against any computationally unbounded adversary
as long as the total amount of information retrieved by the adversary
is somewhat less than the length of the shares, and the adversary
makes at most k - 1 corruption rounds (as described above, where k
rounds are necessary for reconstruction). We extend our basic scheme
in several ways in order to allow the shares sent by the dealer to be
short (the players then blow them up locally) and to handle even
stronger adversaries who can learn some of the shares completely.

As mentioned, there is an obvious connection between IRSS schemes and
the fact that there exist functions with an exponential gap in their
communication complexity for k and k - 1 rounds. Our scheme implies
such a separation which is in several aspects stronger than the
previously known ones.

**Category / Keywords: **foundations /

**Publication Info: **extended version of a paper appearing at FOCS 2007

**Date: **received 10 Sep 2007, last revised 13 Sep 2007

**Contact author: **stefan at dziembowski net

**Available format(s): **PDF | BibTeX Citation

**Version: **20070913:224927 (All versions of this report)

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