Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2007/259

Algebraic Immunity Hierarchy of Boolean Functions

Ziran Tu and Yingpu Deng

Abstract: Algebraic immunity of Boolean functions is a very important concept in recently introduced algebraic attacks of stream cipher. For a $n$-variable Boolean function $f$, the algebraic immunity $AI_n(f)$ takes values in $\{0,1,\ldots,\lceil\frac{n}{2}\rceil\}$. For every $k$ in this range, denote $B_{n,k}$ the set of all $n$-variable Boolean functions with algebraic immunity $k$, and we know that $B_{n,k}$ is always non-empty. According to the algebraic immunity, we can form a hierarchy of Boolean functions. Trivially, $|B_{n,0}|=2$. In general, about this integer sequence $|B_{n,k}|,\quad k=0,1,\ldots,\lceil\frac{n}{2}\rceil,$ very few results are known. In this paper, we show an explicit formula for $|B_{n,1}|$. That is, we obtain an exact formula for the number of Boolean functions with algebraic immunity one. This is the first exact formula for the terms in the above integer sequence. We also give a tight upper bound for nonlinearity of Boolean functions with algebraic immunity one.

Category / Keywords: foundations / Boolean functions; algebraic attack; algebraic immunity;nonlinearity; stream cipher

Date: received 1 Jul 2007

Contact author: dengyp at amss ac cn

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Version: 20070703:072213 (All versions of this report)

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