## Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2006/348

Non-Trivial Black-Box Combiners for Collision-Resistant Hash-Functions don't Exist

Krzysztof Pietrzak

Abstract: A $(k,\ell)$-robust combiner for collision-resistant hash-functions is a construction which from $\ell$ hash-functions constructs a hash-function which is collision-resistant if at least $k$ of the components are collision-resistant. One trivially gets a $(k,\ell)$-robust combiner by concatenating the output of any $\ell-k+1$ of the components, unfortunately this is not very practical as the length of the output of the combiner is quite large. We show that this is unavoidable as no black-box $(k,\ell)$-robust combiner whose output is significantly shorter than what can be achieved by concatenation exists. This answers a question of Boneh and Boyen (Crypto'06).

Category / Keywords: foundations / hash functions, combiners