Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2006/072

Cryptanalysis of the Bluetooth E0 Cipher using OBDD's

Yaniv Shaked and Avishai Wool

Abstract: In this paper we analyze the E0 cipher, which is the cipher used in the Bluetooth specifications. We adapted and optimized the Binary Decision Diagram attack of Krause, for the specific details of E0. Our method requires 128 known bits of the keystream in order to recover the initial value of the four LFSR's in the E0 system. We describe several variants which we built to lower the complexity of the attack. We evaluated our attack against the real (non-reduced) E0 cipher. Our best attack can recover the initial value of the four LFSR's, for the first time, with a realistic space complexity of 2^23 (84MB RAM), and with a time complexity of 2^87. This attack can be massively parallelized to lower the overall time complexity. Beyond the specifics of E0, our work describes practical experience with BDD-based cryptanalysis, which so far has mostly been a theoretical concept.

Category / Keywords: secret-key cryptography / Stream cipher, Cryptanalysis, Bluetooth, BDD

Date: received 22 Feb 2006, last revised 27 Mar 2006

Contact author: yash at eng tau ac il

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Version: 20060327:094614 (All versions of this report)

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