Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2005/196

Universally Composable Password-Based Key Exchange

Ran Canetti and Shai Halevi and Jonathan Katz and Yehuda Lindell and Philip MacKenzie

Abstract: We propose and realize a definition of security for password-based key exchange within the framework of universal composability (UC), thus providing security guarantees under arbitrary composition with other protocols. In addition, our definition captures some aspects of the problem that were not adequately addressed by most prior notions. For instance, our definition does not assume any underlying probability distribution on passwords, nor does it assume independence between passwords chosen by different parties. We also formulate a definition of password-based secure channels, and show how to realize such channels given any password-based key exchange protocol.

The password-based key exchange protocol shown here is in the common reference string model and relies on standard number-theoretic assumptions. The components of our protocol can be instantiated to give a relatively efficient solution which is conceivably usable in practice. We also show that it is impossible to satisfy our definition in the "plain" model (e.g., without a common reference string).

Category / Keywords: cryptographic protocols / key exchange, password protocols, universal composability

Publication Info: Extended abstract in EUROCRYPT '05. LNCS vol. 3494, pages 404-421. Springer-Verlag, 2005

Date: received 24 Jun 2005

Contact author: shaih at alum mit edu

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Version: 20050624:183557 (All versions of this report)

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