Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2005/024

Weak keys of the Diffe Hellman key exchange I

A. A. Kalele and V. R. Sule

Abstract: This paper investigates the Diffie-Hellman key exchange scheme over the group $\fpm^*$ of nonzero elements of finite fields and shows that there exist exponents $k$, $l$ satisfying certain conditions called the \emph{modulus conditions}, for which the Diffie Hellman Problem (DHP) can be solved in polynomial number of operations in $m$ without solving the discrete logarithm problem (DLP). These special private keys of the scheme are termed \emph{weak} and depend also on the generator $a$ of the cyclic group. More generally the triples $(a,k,l)$ with generator $a$ and one of private keys $k,l$ weak, are called \emph{weak triples}. A sample of weak keys is computed and it is observed that their number may not be insignificant to be ignored in general. Next, an extension of the analysis and weak triples is carried out for the Diffie Hellman scheme over the matrix group $\gln$ and it is shown that for an analogous class of session triples, the DHP can be solved without solving the DLP in polynomial number of operations in the matrix size $n$. A revised Diffie Hellman assumption is stated, taking into account the above exceptions.

Category / Keywords: Discrete logarithms, Diffie Hellman key exchange, Finite fields, General linear group

Date: received 27 Jan 2005, last revised 28 Sep 2005

Contact author: vrs at ee iitb ac in

Available format(s): PDF | BibTeX Citation

Note: The paper has been rewritten with changes, additional examples and explaination. The title has also been revised in view of the second part of this paper which is also being submitted for this archive.

Version: 20050928:074033 (All versions of this report)

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