**Universally Composable DKG with Linear Number of Exponentiations**

*Douglas Wikström*

**Abstract: **Many problems have been solved by protocols using
discrete-logarithm based threshold cryptosystems. Such protocols
require a random joint public key for which the secret key is shared
among the parties.

A multiparty protocol that generates such a key is called a DKG protocol. Until now no DKG protocol is known to be universally composable.

We extend Feldman's original verifiable secret sharing scheme to construct a DKG protocol, and prove that it is universally composable. Our result holds in a common random string model under the Decision Diffie-Hellman assumption. We stress that we do not need any trapdoor for the common random string.

Our protocol is optimistic. If all parties behave honestly, each party computes only $O(3k)$ exponentiations, where $k$ is the number of parties. In the worst case each party computes $O(k^2)$ exponentiations. This should be contrasted with previous constructions in which each party computes $\Omega(k^2)$ exponentiations regardless of if they behave honestly or not. In the optimistic case the number of bits sent in our protocol is essentially equal to the number of bits sent in $k$ independent copies of Feldman's original protocol.

**Category / Keywords: **public-key cryptography / threshold cryptography

**Date: **received 26 May 2004

**Contact author: **dog at nada kth se

**Available format(s): **Postscript (PS) | Compressed Postscript (PS.GZ) | BibTeX Citation

**Note: **Preliminary version.

**Version: **20040526:212327 (All versions of this report)

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