Cryptology ePrint Archive: Report 2002/181

Counting Points for Hyperelliptic Curves of type $y^2=x^5+ax$ over Finite Prime Fields

Eisaku Furukawa and Mitsuru Kawazoe and Tetsuya Takahashi

Abstract: Counting rational points on Jacobian varieties of hyperelliptic curves over finite fields is very important for constructing hyperelliptic curve cryptosystems (HCC), but known algorithms for general curves over given large prime fields need very long running times. In this article, we propose an extremely fast point counting algorithm for hyperelliptic curves of type $y^2=x^5+ax$ over given large prime fields $\Fp$, e.g. 80-bit fields. For these curves, we also determine the necessary condition to be suitable for HCC, that is, to satisfy that the order of the Jacobian group is of the form $l\cdot c$ where $l$ is a prime number greater than about $2^{160}$ and $c$ is a very small integer. We show some examples of suitable curves for HCC obtained by using our algorithm. We also treat curves of type $y^2=x^5+a$ where $a$ is not square in $\Fp$.

Category / Keywords: foundations / hyperelliptic curve cryptosystem, number theory

Date: received 25 Nov 2002, last revised 11 May 2003

Contact author: kawazoe at mi cias osakafu-u ac jp

Available format(s): Postscript (PS) | Compressed Postscript (PS.GZ) | PDF | BibTeX Citation

Note: The title has been changed. Titles of some sections have been changed. We added one subsection concerning the reducibility of the Jacobian varieties and one section concerning the algorithm for another curve $y^2=x^5+a$.

Version: 20030512:025444 (All versions of this report)

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